5-year undergraduate program
One of the main outputs of IMPAQT project is the 5-year undergraduate program to be fully implemented at NU. All IMPAQT partners contributed to this deliverable, including deciding on Courses titles/ ECTS/ Description of course objectives/course content/pre-requisites and the level at which each course should be taught resulting in a 5-Year Plan for the undergraduate program called ‘Architecture and Urban Design - ARUD.
The total number of courses in the new undergraduate program is 53 courses equivalent to 160 Credit Hours (CH) equivalent to 280 ECTS; divided into: University Requirements: equivalent to 16 CH - equivalent to 25 ECTS, School of Engineering Requirements: equivalent to 38 CH - equivalent to 65 ECTS, And Program (ARUD) Requirements: equivalent to 106 CH - equivalent to 190 ECTS. Total number of courses developed by IMPAQT project is 44 courses, equivalent to 249 ECTS, account for 88.9% of the undergraduate program.
On 9th September 2018, ARUD Bylaws were approved by the Supreme Council of Universities. The implementation of the undergraduate program at NU started in Fall 2018.
IMPAQT-developed Courses with descriptions
Selected topics in Humanities: Environmental Psychology - HUMA 003 | ECTS:3, SWL:75
In different disciplines, students will be dealing with people; providing a service or designing for them. This course aims to raise awareness about human nature; the universalities and the variations across age, gender and other variables that affect people’s needs, expectations and preferences. The course covers the major theoretical concepts that explain the psychological processes in the human mind such as perception, cognition, stress and affective response. It discusses stressors and ways to mitigate them such as restorative environments, increased user control and the price of adaptation. It illustrates the significance of the subjective assessment of people to issues, places and innovative solutions, and how these subjective views actually shape people’s decision-making, emotions and actions. This course enables students to be more attentive to their clients and co-workers, increasing effectiveness and efficiency of their work.
Selected topics in Social sciences: Research methods - SSCI 001 | ECTS:3, SWL:75
The aim of this course is to give the basic knowledge and competences on how to conduct research in various scientific fields. In particular, both qualitative and quantitative data collection and data analysis methods will be addressed, in order to provide an array of scientific underpinnings for the preparation of proper research designs. Measurements as well as self-reports from questionnaires and interviews will be covered. Observational methods such as behavior mapping will also be addressed. Experimental and quasi-experimental methods will be addressed as well as case study methods to suit the different disciplines. Issues of validity and reliability, credibility and trustworthiness will also be explained as well as the different sampling techniques that suit different research aims. The skills to be developed include a proper scientific and technical vocabulary, critical reflection and evaluation of data analysis and interpretation of research results, understanding of methodological aspects, understanding and reporting of scientific papers.
Selected topics in world culture & diversity: Contemporary City - SSCI 002 | ECTS:3, SWL:75
This course aims to introduce first year’s students to the context of cities and urbanization – in Egypt and globally. It introduces students to the possibilities that engineering, planning, design and other professions have to shape the processes within them. The main objectives are to sensitise the students on the most significant “frontiers”, the roles and interventions needed to face the challenges and opportunities of our cities. It familiarises the students with main concepts, terms and definitions to better
comprehend the various processes and the actors that shape human environments and cities. Issues include: urban issues, trends problems and opportunities, urban debates types of cities and categories of urban fabrics, planning and design approaches, methods and strategies in the 21 Century.
Building Physics I - ARUD 141 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
This course introduces the fundamentals of thermal aspects of building performance. Topics include: Introduction to the fundamental of building physics, heat and mass transfer in buildings, thermal comfort, energy performance of buildings, determination of heating and cooling loads of buildings, solar controls and shadings, thermal optimization of buildings, energy-efficient and sustainable building design, human ecology, climate, moisture control in buildings, thermal properties of building
materials and components.
Building Physics II - ARUD 242 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
This course introduces the scientific foundations of building acoustics, room acoustics, daylighting and illuminating engineering.
Topics in visual aspects include: introduction to visual perception, physics of light, daylighting, electrical lighting fundamentals, lighting design. Topics in acoustical aspects include: introduction to acoustical perception, physics of acoustics, building acoustics, room acoustics.
Building Systems Integration - ARUD 243 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
This course introduces the fundamentals of buildings´ technical systems including HVAC systems, electrical systems, water and sewage systems, as well as fire safety. Topics include: Fundamental overview on HVAC systems (heating, ventilation, air-conditioning), water and wastewater infrastructure, electric installations, basics of fire safety (fire alarm systems, sprinkler systems, fire smoke exhaust), introduction to building controls and automation.
Building Performance computing - ARUD 344 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
Building Performance Computing provides an introduction to computational methods and applications for building performance assessment. This course introduces thermal and visual modelling fundamentals of building performance simulation. Topics include: modeling and design, overview of thermal and visual simulation methods, introduction to the application of computational building simulation tools for thermal and visual performance assessment, case studies and assignments on the application of simulation in building design and operation. Specifically, an appropriate 3D modelling environment along with its visual scripting plugin are used as a basis for development of energy and daylighting models. To this end, the course deploys plugins toward climate analysis and generation of models for detailed building performance simulation exercises.
Structure I - ARUD 152 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to approach the basic structural types along history analyzing the relation between its mechanical behavior and the space generation. The course also covers basic structural concepts as: resistance, deformation, stress-strain curve, stress types. The student will get to know which the forces acting over the building-loads and tributary areasand how its transmission through the structure to the ground is produced. Structural types: isostatic and hyper static and its understanding using diagrams.
Structure II - ARUD 254 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to explore the design, mechanical behavior and calculation (pre dimensioning) of the structural systems based on adding (masonry) or casting (reinforced concrete) mainly rigid knots. The student will deal with: wall structures -brick and block-; frame structures -cast in place concrete-; confined masonry; different slab types; foundations and retaining walls. Introduction to soil mechanics. The course includes: interventions over existing structural systems. Consolidation, refurbishment and retrofitting.
Structure III - ARUD 356 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to explore the design, mechanical behavior and calculation (pre dimensioning) of the structural systems based on assembling either steel or wood. Mainly articulated knots. The student will deal with: steel frame structures; steel decks and steel spatial structures. Students will get to know the different connection mechanisms: bolted and welded.
The course is focalized in steel and so this material will have a deep approach; nevertheless wood structures -platform frame and CLT- are also covered. The course analyses the different ferrous alloys and their life-cycle assessment. The student will deal with parametric design/pre-dimensioning using BIM.
Const. doc BOQ doc. Site supervision / project management - ARUD 457 | ECTS:6, SWL:180
The course is subdivided into two categories; Const. doc BOQ Tender Doc. specifically concerned with producing the project unpriced Bill of Quantity for the Architecture and ID works only in all project phases (schematic through tender submission). Perform a Cost Estimate Process for the works of Electrical (Power, Conveying, and Communication & Security System), HVAC, Mechanical, Architectural, Structural, Landscape and Infrastructure. Perform a final review of the BOQs and Cost Estimate Lists before submission. Provide guidelines for the proper Bid Evaluation of projects. Contractor pre-qualification that is a process by which a bidder on a construction project is evaluated in order to determine whether the bidder has the skill, judgment, integrity, sufficient financial resources and the ability required to complete the required performance of a contract relating to construction work. Site Supervision / Project Management targets creating a consistent management style among all types of projects. Familiarization with project management professional (PMP) state-of-the-art. Understanding different responsibilities, roles & functions within a project.
Building Information Modeling - ARUD 363 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The course is concerned specifically with the utilization of Building Information Modelling (BIM) technology. The aim of the course is to give students a practical, hands-on introduction to BIM and related computer-based techniques for the documentation and modelling of designed structures. The course will be focusing on the processes involved in developing a full 3D design object model, not for the purpose of visualization alone, but more importantly as a tool for understanding and documenting how a proposed building design fits together and how it will perform during use. We will be exploring the principles of component modelling, and the process of assembling those components to produce a design model from which traditional documentation (such as plans, elevations and sections) can be derived. From there, we will explore technologies that allow a BIM model to be exported and subsequently imported in to a range of design analysis packages. Several lectures will be delivered by guests from industry, affording an opportunity to understand the technology from that perspective.
Basis for Design - ARUD 001 | ECTS:6, SWL:150
The aim of this course is to approach to the basis needed for design, as the sense of proportion and relations, measuring, technical drawing and modelling and, at the same time, to awake a certain awareness, comprehension and sensibility of the surrounding built reality. The final aim is to promote and develop the capacity for critical observation and analysis, the capacity for synthesis and spatial understanding. Design of basic spatial structures – market stalls – shelters.
Design Studio I - ARUD 101 | ECTS:7, SWL:175
Main topic: Site and Basic Program
Arch - Following the design thinking process from inquiry to formulating a basic architecture program for a building or structure design, this studio aims at exploring the synergy of form and function, the integration of diverse structural and construction systems to be implemented in specific sites, the understanding of the logic of topography, geometry, and enclosure, and the consideration of the surrounding context including the ambient, natural, built and social environment. UD – Complementary fitting of the architectural discourse in the framework of urban patterns and tissues as a combination of the processes of urbanization, raising student awareness of different plot subdivisions, densities and building typologies (for example in downtown areas, gated communities, informal settlements, etc.) to build an urban vocabulary and enable them to distinguish and understand the differences in the experiential qualities of urban space. Urban analysis that takes advantage of Cairo
as the main focus of exploration.
Design Studio II - ARUD 102 | ECTS:7, SWL:175
Main topic: Public Realm Settings and Street Design
Arch - Within the urban framework, the space for an open collective program (markets, meeting points, transportation nodes…) is designed through the definition of a coherent technical and structural logic that translates systems of activity settings into integrated functional opportunities applying rules of geometry and proportion, structural and constructive systems, materials and light.
UD - The street as a first level of urbanity and the essential scene in the public realm. Analysis of activity settings as the unit of place and basic urban interventions as supportive environment for user interaction. Variables, elements and the sequence of relations that configure streetscapes and their experience.
Design Studio III - ARUD 203 | ECTS:10, SWL:250
Main topic: Home and Neighbourhood Design
Arch - Drawing upon people-centred courses on dwelling and the meaning of home - considering social, psychological and cultural aspects in design and variation in user needs by age, sex and ability. This studio focuses on housing typologies, aggregation mechanisms and models of clustering. It explores layout guidelines: combinations, measurements, depths, distances, etc. that affords the appropriate, adaptable, affordable home and residential environment for diverse household structure and lifestyles
UD - Residential project as a synthesis of inter-scale relationships between neighbourhood, block and dwelling. Street typology, open spaces and character in residential districts with integrated mixed-use services and leisure. It addresses designing in-between and near-home spaces, achieving different degrees of publicness (semi-private, collective, public) to satisfy community needs and territorial claims.
Design Studio IV - ARUD 204 | ECTS:10, SWL:250
Main topic: Medium Size Public Facilities and Collective Space
Arch - Drawing from people-centred courses on special building types and considering social, psychological and cultural user-need variables of different user groups to design medium sized facilities such as schools, health centres and libraries are designed enhancing relation between function in its broadened definition, gradients of privacy and transition spaces for the collective, material, technique, structural skeleton and skin as a regulator of indoor-outdoor continuity and transition.
UD - Fostering interaction between facilities and collective public spaces as a constitutive system of the public realm. The studio covers the scope of the collective space, its typologies, sizes and boundaries: from large urban parks or waterfronts to small plazas, midans and courtyards. Public space design of fixed and semi-fixed feature elements and their composition with an awareness of the experiential implications of the design (cognitive and behavioural) and change over time (adaptability and flexibility, management and upkeep).
Design Studio V - ARUD 305 | ECTS:10, SWL:250
Main topic: City Extension and Mix-use Programs
Arch - Design a multifunctional fragment that combines housing, hotels, tertiary, facilities, leisure and public space. Design new buildings that integrate complex structural and enclosure building solutions, considering materials, performance of the building, etc.. showing awareness of building systems and consideration to diverse user groups moving and using the spaces for different purposes.
UD - Designing new city extensions integrating environmental values (geography, relief, water, vegetation, etc.) with socio-economic values of mobility and accessibility in efficient ex-novo mixed-use layouts. New projects will consider connections to the existing urban fabric and the interdependence between land uses in both showing an awareness to the social and economic implications on land value, street occupancy, safety, variables of density and traffic intensity, ecological connectivity and energy
Design Studio VI - ARUD 306 | ECTS:10, SWL:250
Main topic: Urban Regeneration and Adaptive Building Re-use
UD - Urban Regeneration of mid-scale sites, through selective urban renewal and infill interventions mixed with upgrading and rehabilitation in central or peripheral areas (downtown, waterfront, etc) defying the typical “clean slate” approach. Urban proposals that balance contemporary needs and future aspirations for social, cultural and economic evolution on the one hand with heritage conservation of architectonic, cultural lifestyles, historic and social values on the other.
Arch - Project of building adaptive re-use through new programs that retrofit their spatial, functional and material configuration; incorporating existing valuable elements into a hybrid project that introduces, revives and conserves living heritage with future needs and wants. The studio will guide in implementation of rehabilitation techniques and efficient retrofitting of structural and construction systems, natural and artificial performance of buildings (thermal, acoustic and lighting), use of traditional and modern materials.
Graduation Project I - ARUD 407 | ECTS:6, SWL:180
Graduation Project I and II constitute a 2-term studio that synthesize knowledge of the Architecture and Urban Design Program through a multidisciplinary, integrative and professional approach. The course aims to develop the students’ personal skills to enable them to provide critical responses and demonstrate independence and ability to tackle a wide range of architectural and urban design standard regular projects.
Working in continuity with Graduation Project II, the main goal of this course is to embark upon the development of a complex project, dealing with inter-scale design challenges integrating urban, social, psychological, cultural, technological, ecological, creative and economic input.
In the first term, each student will define the scope and rationale, the program and the specific site within a broad area and will follow general guidelines to formulate the design objectives. At the level of a preliminary design, fundamentals of the project will be set (scales from 1/10.000 to 1/100): place, brief, strategies and concept and general solution guidelines, all of which will take into consideration the cognitive and behavioural implications of the design in addition to environmental, economic and social sustainability.
Graduation Project II - ARUD 408 | ECTS:16, SWL:480
Graduation Project I and II constitute a 2-term studio that synthesize knowledge of the Architecture and Urban Design Program through a multidisciplinary, integrative and professional approach. The course aims to develop the students’ personal skills to enable them to provide critical responses and demonstrate independence and ability to tackle a wide range of architectural and urban design standard regular projects.
Working in continuity with Graduation Project I, the main goal of this course is to expand upon the development of a complex project, dealing with inter-scale design challenges integrating urban, social, psychological, cultural, technological, ecological, creative and economic input. In the second term, the project elaborated in Graduation Project I is developed in detail moving from the preliminary design ideas to the outline project first, and afterwards to the technical project, which will comply with established technical requirements (scales from 1/500 to 1/10).
Students will: define the relationship between the main concept of the project and its embodiment in physical environment; demonstrate their capacity to deliberately create space and form at different scales; clearly demonstrate an understanding of the building process showing coherence between general ideas and detail (integrate technological solutions - constructional, structural and energy – and materials); demonstrate an awareness of the performance and meaning of the resulting built environment with regard to how people will interact with it (perceive it, use it, maintain it). Synthetic results from the Graduation Project I and II will be presented to a jury made up of professors and external experts that will certify the achievement of the competences which will enable the initiation of a career in Architecture and Urban Design.
Design Thinking - ARUD 011 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to improve the students’ capabilities in organizing and performing the design process to suit the nature of each design problem as well as attain student-generated formulation of design objectives and program. It would train the students in analytical tools and systematic design thinking and methods. The course covers different models of the design process as well as design methods, tools, and techniques, such as problem-solving techniques, operational definition of objectives, architectural programming, design performance criteria. It aims to assist students externalize the design thinking process, sharpening their awareness as they think in iterative cycles between intuitive creative thinking and systematic rational thinking. The course empowers the students with analytical and representation skills to better proceed from research and knowledge acquisition to design through the explicit mapping of the problem and requirements coupled by the deliberate
formulation of design objectives. Through practical implementation, students learn to develop design criteria that serve to guide their design thinking as well evaluate their design product.
Advanced Design Process - ARUD 212 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to improve the students’ capabilities in innovative design thinking and methods integrating the diverse theoretical basis as well as building bridges with future users of places. The course aims to develop the students’ analytical and synthesising skills improving their ability to process knowledge, explore concept formulation and the quest for organising principles. It trains students in different innovative design processes such as parametric design and participatory design. It
enables students to explore the possibilities of utlising ICT in inquiry, analysis and design thinking, exposing them to the latest practices such as Play the city, Smart cities, and case studies from around the world of designing with people.
Environmental Behaviour Studies - ARUD 121 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
Designing for people is based upon an understanding of the relationship between a person and his, or her, environment; the ambient, the built, the natural and the social environment that surrounds a person. The aim of this course is to introduce to the students the nature of this interaction, the theories that explain it, and its relevance to the design of the built environment, with application in architectural and urban design. The course draws upon social psychology, anthropology and environmental
psychology to provide students with the major theoretical concepts and models that mediate the relationship between a person and the physical environment that surrounds him or her. The course introduces innovative concepts to describe the built environment such as Activity Settings and Potential Functional Opportunities. It sets the framework for students to conceptualize the built form in all design studios; it is the lens through which the student will see the relation between designed space and what it may become as a ‘place’ when it is used. Students would apply these theories later in other courses
to a variety of functional settings at architectural and urban scales.
Dwelling and Neighbourhood Design - ARUD 122 | ECTS:5, SWL:150
The aim of this course is to enable students to design residential environments that are supportive to people’s lifestyles, fulfilling to their social and psychological needs in addition to the main function of shelter from the ambient environment. The people-centred approach to dwelling design is based on the explanatory theory of the meaning of ‘home.’ It sensitizes students to the concept of home as regulator of social interaction and communicator of social status and identity. Students understand how dwelling can be understood as system of activity settings with boundaries outside the private domain in shared spaces, accommodating daily activities, trips to work, opportunities for education and leisure. The course covers neighbourhood design and planning with its spatial layout, land use and connectivity, enabling students to understand and design the balance between several dichotomies such as sense of community and social mix; between economic prosperity and community privacy, between appropriation of collective space, safety, sense of belonging and accessibility, inclusiveness and equity. It explores the revival of home-based work, different contemporary lifestyles, patterns of living heritage and varying households. The course compliments the view of housing as a product, with that of housing as a process, the tenets of ‘adequate housing’ and the special considerations for different user groups; women, children, elderly…etc..
Building Types: Places for People - ARUD 223 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to enable students to design buildings and spaces with special functions such as hotels, hospitals, schools, factories and to learn about the special considerations and design criteria and principles that apply to these special facilities. The course builds upon the students’ knowledge and awareness of special user groups such as children, the handicap and the elderly. It also draws upon their previous knowledge and fundamentals of environmental psychology and people-environment relations. This theory course supplements what students would search and find by themselves about design standards and building codes for specialized facilities. They enrich the students’ knowledge base with innovative concepts for restorative, de-stressing, well-being promoting designs and future places.
People-centered Urban Design and Public Space - ARUD 224 | ECTS:5, SWL:150
The aim of this course is to enable students to design public spaces based on an understanding of how people perceive, understand and utilize urban space, that would in turn lead to future places that are supportive to what people want to do, minimizing the chance of misuse or neglect of these spaces. The course covers the seminal normative theories of urban design and illustrates to the students the relation between those theories, their limitations and how they relate to other courses such history of urban form, neighbourhood design and the basic theories of environment-behaviour studies. The course conveys to
the students the importance of public space and the multiple functions it plays in people’s lives; how its is at once a place for movement, for leisure, a workplace and a place to learn and grow. It equips students to address public space and be able to address its multiple economic, social and political dimensions; having the knowledge and synthesizing skills to plan and design the most integral and central urban element as defined by the latest global manifestos. Through field visits and literature review, the students will be trained on physical survey, behavioral observation, reading maps, photographic documentation, conducting interviews, documentation and analysis of collected data as well as participatory design and presentation to stakeholders.
Spatial and Urban Dynamics - ARUD 325 | ECTS:5, SWL:150
This course aims at providing the students with a comprehensive understanding of urban environments´ spatial and physical dynamics. It includes two foci. One focuses on transformation and change over time in the existing urban fabric, its use, and its meaning to different users. It provides the students with the different theoretical basis that explain those spatial dynamics such as theories of building adaptability, of production and reproduction of public space, rules of appropriation, stakeholder analysis, and systems of activity settings that work together across the conventional domains of intervention and management of the built environment. This enhances the capacity of students to better predict people’s behaviour and use of spaces, patterns of mobility and propensity to participate in the upkeep and maintenance of the public realm. This enables the student to design more appropriate, adaptable environments with higher use value to diverse users, where communities can partner the public sector and reduce the burden on the government and where the built form can stand the challenge of time and transform to changing needs. The other introduces the fundamentals of urban physics that addresses ambient environmental issues related to urban-level performance of the built form as well as the interrelations among various urban systems including the urban microclimate, energy infrastructure and mobility systems. Both foci integrate in their impact on the design and regeneration of parts of cities including infrastructure, mobility, detailed land use, building morphology, and public space. Applications would include adaptive re-use and conservation of heritage building ensembles, revitalisation of heritage urban patterns such street
markets, hammams, or artisan districts, as well as the urban regeneration of informal areas, historic cores, downtown areas, waterfronts…etc..
Urban Planning Process - ARUD 426 | ECTS:6, SWL:150
Is the city a form, or a process, or both? Are architects and urban designers responsible for the form and urban planners for the process part? How can these two, together with other parties cooperate to promote sustainable urban development and to resolve conflicting interests? Which skills, instruments and tools are needed? The aim of this course is to familiarize participants with the dimension of the urban planning process so that architects and urban designers understand their role and responsibilities in relation to other stakeholders. Based on a reflection of the legacy of architectural and planning professions and their paradigms the course will explore the potentials of architects and urban designers as part of a new urban planning approach that is integrated, inclusive and participatory and that follows principles such as compactness, social inclusion, integration and connected cities and neighbourhoods that are resilient to climate change. The class builds on the knowledge established in the introductory contemporary cities course (SSCI 101). It integrates research and practice and will explore lessons from relevant case studies from Egypt and beyond. Selected issues comprise: economic development, infrastructure and services, housing, environment, food security, historic preservation, regional development.
History of Architecture and Urban Form I - ARUD 031 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to have students understand architectural terminology, themes and building types used in world architecture up until the 17th Century and acquire knowledge of significant structures and buildings in their historical, regional and cultural contexts in this period. Through history it explores the definitions of architecture and style as well as the relation between the built environment and the socio-cultural dimensions that shaped it through a chronological overview of the different eras in history. The study begins with the first traces of prehistoric buildings and settlements in the Ancient World and
the engineering and science of the monuments of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization. It provides a survey of the Classical Civilizations focusing on the theories of aesthetics and order in architecture, art and the political dimension behind the shaping of cities in the Greek and Roman periods.
History of Architecture and Urban Form II - ARUD 132 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The course covers a synopsis of architecture, art and city design in the Early Christian (including Coptic Cairo), and Byzantine. It will also cover the Medieval Romanesque and Gothic eras exploring the different meanings and aims of architecture. This course introduces students extensively to the history of Islamic Architecture and the formation of Islamic cities. Students begin by examining the formation, development, transfers, parallels and differences between European and Islamic architecture that are revealed in building traditions, materials, spatial layouts and related to lifestyle. They are simultaneously introduced to the ideologies, cultural, climatic and technological influences that shaped these cities, including the functional aspects reflected in the various religious, civic and residential buildings of the period and the manipulation of mass, light and acoustics from the inside-out to achieve the desired functions. This course finally covers the Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo eras in Europe. It also covers the developments of the nineteenth century and the transferal of influences that characterized it stopping at the beginnings of the industrial revolution with its innovations in materials (iron and glass) tracing its connections through eclecticism and classical revival.
Theory of Architecture and Urban Form I - ARUD 233 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to understand the reflections of the 20th C. social, economic and political movements within the scope of modern Architecture. It aims also to explore the developments that followed the 19th C. and industrial revolution into the 20th C. theories of Modern Architecture and its rising to set global trends in the design or buildings and cities. The course provides a detailed insight into the classification of different architectural movements and their pioneers, as well as the essential characteristics of “Modernism” and its different phases. A detailed introduction to the history of modern architecture from its intellectual and artistic origins in the nineteenth century the course proceeds to cover the emergence of technological, theoretical and aesthetic principles of modern design beginning with the socio-cultural impact of industrialization through innovations in materials (iron and glass) and new functions. Based on an understanding of the seminal views that shaped the Modernist era, those world trends were subjected to regional interpretations including the Egyptian experience led by national
Theory of Architecture and Urban Form II - ARUD 334 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
This course provides an overview of the principal theories that have informed, animated, or destabilized recent architectural discourse (Regionalism and space spacifity, Tectonic expression, Environmentalism ethics and biomimicry, etc), focusing on key figures, movements, and texts from the late 1960s to the present. Recent technical approaches useful for contemporary architecture. Exploring the space as the extension of the human body; the sequence of space views experienced by people not the one from a high angle view. ICT contribution; video games which is specialized at the spatial storytelling, by collecting the scene played by people, and extend the human body. Students should be able to critically assess the ways which architectural movements achieve architectonic form; understand socio-cultural and technological factors undermining the emergence of various architectural discourses of contemporary architecture.
Construction I - ARUD 151 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to explore the basic requirements that arise from the function of providing shelter (comfort); and those that arise from combining diverse elements and/or materials in a single system. The student will get to know the different strategies to satisfy those requirements: from the conceptual principle to the constructive solution. Course content covers: vocabulary; building elements; comfort requirements; constructive requirements; construction techniques and materials. The student makes a first approach to the importance of construction in formalizing architecture studying wall-bearing heritage construction methods along local history.
Construction II - ARUD 253 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to explore the basic construction techniques for erecting structures and the related materials to each technique. The techniques are: masonry, rammed, casting, assembling. The related material: ceramics -brick–, earth, concrete, and wood (including their life-cycle assessment). This approach to the techniques and materials studied through its application to basic structures will permit the student getting to know the constructive bases for erecting: wall structures, pillars, beams
and slabs. In this course the student will also explore the ground and how the building is accommodated over it: Types, technical design and construction process of foundations and retaining walls (including drainage and water tightness).
Construction III - ARUD 355 | ECTS:6, SWL:150
The aim of this course is addressing the constructions systems for closing the building: non-load bearing facades and roofs. Contemporary techniques and related materials. Facades; conventional, ETICS, claddings, rain screen, panel, curtain wall, openings and their filters. Roofs; flat roofs- watertight membranes, pitched roofs-tiles, low slope roofs- metal sheets. For all of them (facades and roofs) it will be done a system description, and deeply studied its behavior according to the climate conditions, architectonic possibilities and constructive requirements. This course also covers construction systems for arranging the public space. The course analyses the following materials: watertight membranes, thermal insulation materials, nonferrous metals, glass, stones, cladding boards (including their life-cycle assessment).
Visual I - ARUD 161 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
The aim of this course is to explore an introduction to architectural representation, Orthographic projections, descriptive geometry, contours, paraline drawings, shade and shadows and model making are presented and applied, where some practical constructions just to get a sense of what one can accomplish using different untraditional tools by studying different details of orthographic projections and culminating in some useful applications such as casting 3d isometrics, shades and shadows and the intersection of surfaces, and the development of surfaces. The course is concerned with the graphical solution to three
dimensional spatial problems and an examination of methods to develop graphical solutions to problems involving points, lines, and planes in space in addition to its perception discussing concepts such as (enclosure, complexity, uniformity, etc.) depending on VR lab and tools. Different concepts, methods, and issues of Design as a vehicle of visual organization, structure, thought, and expression. The broad scope of the subject is explored through lectures, discussions, critiques, and the process of making images, and objects. Students are introduced to the dynamics of composition, form and content, color systems and theory,
aesthetic issues, visual analysis, perception, spatial structure and the value of visual awareness and creativity in an increasingly image-oriented culture. The course also seeks to provide some experience with a variety of media, develop skills in observation and technique, and encourage personal involvement in resolving a visual problem or expressing an idea. Exercises focus on specific concepts, preparation and planning, and creative visual thinking.
Visual II - ARUD 162 | ECTS:5, SWL:150
The aim of this course is to explore drawing as a tool of communication through exercises that explore observation and perception, form and proportion, representation, analysis and diagramming using a variety of materials and Media. An introduction to both drawings techniques of technical drawings whether manual or digital. On one hand the freehand drawing technique focusing on the delineation of interior and exterior spaces, starting with drawing from observation to speculative drawings, including the study of light conditions. It provides the student with the knowledge, skills and aptitude required to use a range of fundamental architectural sketching and drawing skills based on observation of the physical world, in particular the built world. On the other hand, the digital graphic communication tools and techniques in architecture. Where students learn to use digital representation tools. They acquire representation techniques of space and form in 2D and 3D using digital modeling, visual analysis, different simulations. The course covers complex intersection of volumes. In parallel, students continue their exploration of freehand representation of form, space, urban scenery and landscape in order to maintain the shift between both worlds the manual and digital of design thinking and representation.
Mapping Preferences - ARUD 171 | ECTS:4, SWL:100
The aim of this course is to present specific methods and techniques, developed in social sciences (particularly environmental psychology), for mapping lay people preferences. In particular, the focus will be put on the coding, decoding, analysis and interpretation of “subjective” data, to be compared to “objective” data concerning the same environmental feature (e.g., urban greens, residential choice,…). The course will build upon what ICT offers in the field of mapping, exploring what is termed ‘soft’ GIS.
Landscape Architecture and Planning - ARUD 374 | ECTS:4, SWL:100
The course aims at introducing the discipline of Landscape Design and Planning as well as to its potentials, instruments and its role among various other urban disciplines. Core issues include water landscapes, intertwined urban and regional relations, place and identity, integration, and environmental preservation. It aims that students understand cities and their large-scale processes of production and consumption that are claiming more and more space, to understand the new reality that is emerging on the ground and how can the environmental qualities and the identity of places be preserved. The course covers the roles, capacities and main instruments of landscape architecture and design, also referred to as Landscape Urbanism, that is becoming more important in the contemporary situation of an allencompassing valorization of space though urbanization. This course tackles the spaces of nature, green and the environment as core entities of urban development, instead of mere “left over” spaces. It also comprises the appreciation of various new forms of urban fabrics, at various scales such as new intertwined systems of housing, infrastructure, “logistics”, water, greens, and different natural landscapes. The course also informs students in the localization and adaptation of global systems and solutions to local contexts under consideration of local identities.
Sustainable Development - ARUD 476 | ECTS:4, SWL:100
The aim of this course is to transfer knowledge and skills about how to promote sustainable attitudes and behaviours for facing threats such as climate change and environmental risks, loss of heritage and historic areas, spread of informality. Socio-psychological models and constructs explaining environment-related behaviour will be addressed, with a specific focus on natural and urban environments. A further issue will concern the effectiveness of communication campaigns for triggering sustainable behaviour at the community level.
Building Ecology - ARUD 477 | ECTS:4, SWL:100
This course introduces methods for the description and evaluation of ecological performance of building elements, components, systems and structures. Specifically, the application of LCA (Life-Cycle Assessment) and EIA (Environmental Impact Analysis) techniques in the building domain for analysis of the environmental footprint of buildings and the sustainability implications of design and construction decisions are introduced.
Urban Planning II - ARUD 478 | ECTS:4, SWL:100
The course Urban Planning II is an extension of the mandatory course Urban Planning (ARUD 526). The aim of this elective course is to deepen selected aspects, such as legal, economic, spatial dimensions and practices and introduces the students to innovative practices in urban planning such as Transport Oriented Planning, Land Value Capture, Innovative practices of slum upgrading, New forms of management and operation, monitoring and evaluation practices etc.
Internship - ARUD 481 | ECTS:5, SWL:125
Samples from implemented courses
Contemporary City – Fall 2018
Environment Behaviour Studies Fall 2019
Visual I – Fall 2019
Design Thinking – Spring 2019
Basis for Design – Spring 2020
Design Studio II – Spring 2020
Undergraduate Research Forum at Nile University
9th NU-UGRF – December 2019 ARUD 161_ Visual I
ARUD students participated in the 9th NU UGRF in ARUD visual I course for furniture design project in their co-workspace. The furniture design has many challenges; it should be dismantled, with low cost recycled materials, adapted to multi-purpose uses, visually appealing. Accordingly, students initiated the ideas and the design thinking process with intensive research design to formulate the problem, generate a solution, study the structure technicalities that gives the design optimum stability, and estimate the budget with eco-friendly material alternatives. Multiple furniture design proposals have been produced and constructed in 1:1 scale. Such experience raised the student’s capabilities through the research work in multiple disciplines, group work dynamic, design process iteration, design decision making and visual re-presentation.